The How and the Why - Aurora Theater, Berkeley
Zelda (l. Nancy Carlin*) prompts Rachel (r. Martha Brigham*) to figure out the truth in Aurora’s West Coast Premiere of The How and The Why
In Review

The How and The Why

3 out of 5 stars
3 out of 5 stars - 'Worth a Look'
Aurora Theatre
Berkeley, California
By Sarah Treem
Directed by Joy Carlin
Review by Cy Ashley Webb

How and why, how and why. Artistic director Tom Ross reminds us that researcher Ernst Mayr asserted that these questions underlie every meaningful inquiry in evolutionary biology. These are the questions that underlie Sarah Treem’s play, which just opened at the Aurora.

I didn’t anticipate that this show would take up residence in my head this weekend, as I turned it over, and over, trying to articulate what worked and what didn’t. Even as I questioned why the playwright tried to do so much, why she revealed what she did, and why so much, arguably the most critical bits – remained untold, I found myself oddly moved, and drawn to the characters, one of whom reminds me of a biologist friend.

Getting my own biases out of the way first, this is the sort of script with which I tend to have problems. Too many plays about female scientists leave the audience with an after-the-fact gloss, celebrating the scientist without any real idea as to why. This cheapens our discourse by telling a story that has little to do with the character’s real motivation.

The How and The Why avoids this trap. Science doesn’t take a back seat, if only because the characters’ research explores possible evolutionary value of menstruation – an idea that was puzzled over back when I was in college in the late ‘70’s. As one of the characters points out, we know the how – the physiology and the endocrinology – but remain clueless regarding the why – the evolutionary advantage served by menstruation.

Joy Carlin avoids the two dimensionality of most woman-as-scientist plays by folding the “why” into a larger drama between two scientists. Zelda, capably played by Nancy Carlin, is the older of the two. Well-recognized in her field, she’s loosely modeled after anthropologist Kristen Hawkes, whose “grandmother hypothesis” proposes an evolutionary purpose to the infertile second half of a female life. Grad student Rachel, played by Martha Brigham, is such a study in insecurity you want to take her offstage, and give her a Xanax. Her character is loosely modeled after McArthur winner Margie Profet, whose novel ideas about the why of menstruation were completely rebutted by Beverly Straussmann.

The How and the Why - Aurora Theater Review
Zelda (r. Nancy Carlin) tries to convince Rachel (l. Martha Brigham) to present her theory in Aurora’s West Coast Premiere of The How and The Why

The How and the Why - Aurora Theater, Berkeley

Treem tries to do so much in the script, it makes my head ache. Biological connections  – not all of which are explored in lab – get teased out over the course of this two act play. It’s precisely this teasing that prevents this from being an evolutionary biology version of Silent Sky, TheatreWorks’ production about Harvard astronomy Henrietta Leavitt. I came away with the feeling that playwright and director cared deeply about these characters.

However, I’m still left with a sense of incompleteness. Why did Treem choose Margie Profet and why did she chose to develop her this way? Why did Treem ignore her subsequent disappearance, and why did Treem feel the need to develop other story lines about her character? Treen’s sympathetic picture of a young woman, who badly bombed a conference presentation, is so wrapped up in the femaleness of it, that the key question as noted by Tom Ross – how the hell do I become a grownup? – gets lost. There is so much story here, and so much seems unresolved.

Echo Brown recently suggested that we go to theatre because we want to be moved. My questions about this production aside, one thing is clear. “The How and The Why” delivers on this proposition handsomely. I’ll be turning this one over in my head and revisiting Profet for some time.

Photo credit: David Allen

Cy Ashley Webb
Cy spent the ‘80’s as a bench scientist, the tech boom doing intellectual property law, and the first decade of the millennium, aspiring to be the world’s oldest grad student at Stanford where she is interested in political martyrdom. Presently, she enjoys writing for Stark Insider and the SF Examiner, hanging out at Palo Alto Children's Theatre, and participating in various political activities. Democracy is not a spectator sport! Cy is a SFBATCC member.